Discussion Questions


Discussion Questions

Q1


A common neurological issue that affects millions of American per year are strokes or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). The majority of these are ischemic, and the minority is hemorrhagic. Hypertension is the primary cause of ischemic strokes. Steps to prevent this include proper diet and exercise.

Decreasing the intake of food and drinks high in sodium. Reducing foods high in fat. Controlling hypertension if already diagnosed, because uncontrolled hypertension leads to a higher probability of stroke. Hypertension is a reasonably inconspicuous disease. Not every patient diagnosed with this will display the common symptoms of hypertension, which means they may not take proper precautions because the symptoms are not severe. The disease will continue to progress and lead to a higher risk of stroke. It is essential to explain to patients that they need to monitor their blood pressure, adhere to a proper diet, and even try to engage in more physical activity (Angel and Sue 2018).

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It is also essential to explain the symptoms of a stroke. Most people recognize FAST. It is necessary to recognize these symptoms not only because they are life-threatening but also because if proper intervention is taken in a timely manner the patient may be eligible for the thrombolytic, tPA, also referred to as the "clot busting drug". The literature surrounding this is a little uncertain as some providers say tPA can be given up to 4.5 hours after symptoms begin, some say up to 6 hours and some providers even say more (Dimitrijevic, & Pantic, 2016). The patient and family should all be educated on this because this is life-saving information



Q2


Patient survival after stroke has improved; stroke has remained the leading cause of death to many people. Patient and the family need to engage one another in decision making, especially when it comes to a matter of treatment. This may include transiting the active treatment to palliative care. This is one of the emerging focal areas when it comes to the treatment of stroke-related matters. It is defined as one of the improved and quality approaches to patients and families who are faced with stroke issues (Rudd 2016). It involves ways of facilitating autonomy in accessing all the information and choice related to the problem.



References

1. Angel F and Sue Z (2018). Neurological, Perceptual, and Cognitive Complexities. Retrieved 22nd August 22, 2019, from https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ey3AN3XTOrOCan9h2bTVjSK-zr0wU3ae/view

2. Dimitrijevic, N., & Pantic, I. (2016). Advanced Materials in Oral Physiology and Pathophysiology Research. Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, 44(3), 297–301. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=116211595&site=ehost-live

3. Rudd A (2016). Aftercare for stroke patients. Retrieved 22nd August 22, 2019, from https://drive.google.com/file/d/1pgnOQCrottxKpE3b255RImR6bk3OKJlT/view

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