hypertension in women

Hypertension in women


Hypertension refers to high blood pressure. This condition mostly affects women than men, since women have high chances of being especially in post-menopause. When the pressure of blood exerted on the walls of the artery is high, it can result in the rupture of the walls of the artery over a period of time. This creates the need for its immediate control whenever it happens. The risk factors associated with high blood pressure include eating unhealthy food most of the time, lack of exercises, being obese and the presence of hypertension in someone’s family history (Saeed, Kampangkaew, & Nambi, 2017). This essay will discuss the comparison between the women health initiative guidelines with the new guidelines and their relevance to the care of the patient.

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Guidelines for the prevention of hypertension


To effectively prevent high blood pressure, there are a number of factors that a person has to consider in order to reduce the risk of being affected by high blood pressure. Firstly, a hypertension patient is advised to have a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat products and whole grains in order to prevent the occurrence of high blood pressure (Saeed, Kampangkaew, & Nambi, 2017). The guideline also recommends those who are vulnerable to high blood pressure to reduce the consumption of salt while on the other hand, increase the intake of potassium since it reduces high blood pressure. Secondly, those who are at high risk of being attacked with high blood pressure are advised in the guideline to reduce their body weight. A healthy person is supposed to have a body mass index that lies in the region of 18.5 to 24.9. Any BMI that is over 30 increases the risk of being attacked with hypertension since he/she is obese. This helps in the prevention of high blood pressure, thus improving the care of women in the healthcare sector. Thirdly, the guideline recommends regular physical activities for patients who are at risk of developing high blood pressure (Gurzău et al., 2018).
The recommendations include 90 to 150 minutes of dynamic exercise of resistance per week and three sessions of isometric resistance exercises every week. This aids in the smooth flow of blood in the body, together with the reduction of the number of calories in the body. Finally, the new guideline recommends patients at risk of developing high blood pressure to reduce alcohol consumption. It recommends women to take less than 1 drink per day. Excessive consumption of alcohol increases the amount of fat in the body, thus reducing its consumption helps in the prevention of high blood pressure (Rosano, Spoletini, & Vitale, 2017).
The above practices should be used in the care of the patient in a clinical setting because the women health initiative guideline puts a lot of attention to ethnic and racial groups (Gurzău et al., 2018). This makes the above guidelines most appropriate for use in the clinical setting since they promote equity among different racial and ethnic groups (Rosano, Spoletini, & Vitale, 2017). Additionally, the women health initiative guidelines stress on the prevention of blood pressure as it approaches 130/80 mm Hg. This does not promote the uniformity in their prevention.
The above differences have a greater impact on the health of women since the lack of uniformity and equity results in the discrimination of a certain group of women thereby impacting negatively on the health of women most specifically after menopause.
The above guidelines should be used in clinical practice since they ensure that the health of women in a country is well catered for thus saving the lives of women. Studies done on hypertension management guidelines update and research on the importance of blood pressure control showed how the health of women vulnerable to high blood pressure would be improved by applying the above guidelines in clinical practice. This improves the care of women in the healthcare sector.

References

1. Saeed, A., Kampangkaew, J., & Nambi, V. (2017). Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Women. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal, 13(4), 185–192. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=127105148&site=ehost-live n.d. Web. 13 March. 2013.
2. Rosano, G. M. C., Spoletini, I., & Vitale, C. (2017). Cardiovascular disease in women, is it different to men? The role of sex hormones. Climacteric, 20(2), 125–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/13697137.2017.1291780
3. Gurzău, D., Caloian, B., Fringu, F., Cismaru, G., Zdrenghea, D., & Pop, D. (2018). The role of cardiovascular rehabilitation in women with ischemic heart disease and rhythm disorders. Balneo Research Journal, 9(2), 50–53. https://doi.org/10.12680/balneo.2018.171

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Hypertension in Women